Almost all individuals eat tomato in their daily consumptions; tomato is a red edible vegetable plant with the botanical name Solanum lycopersicum,tomatoes can be taken in multiple wayswhich
include taking it raw, using it as an ingredient in many types of foods such as salads, sauces and some drinks. Tomatoes are needed in meals to help savour the meal which is why they may also be taken as side dish for savoury meals. Tomatoes may also be regarded to as fruits specifically berry which have an ovary containing the seeds, they contain lower content of sugar than other types of edible fruits which makes them not as sweet as the other fruits.
As a result of the demand of tomato by almost everyone, it has been planted in almost all parts of the world and because it can be harvested within 100 days of planting depending on the variety, tomato can be easily cultivated and planted by interested individuals, most especially those who are ready to stop spending money on buying them. Cultivation is quite simple, even though it requires a lot of techniques, it is easy to plant but technical to maintain, only a really interested individual can get long time success from the cultivation of tomato.
Planting is done in various ways which could either be directly on the ground, inside a container, bucket, pot or inside nursery bags. Planting directly on the ground is highly productive as it gives a larger yield of fruits and there won’t be problems of watering the plants as often as when other planting ways are used. A large container can however be used if bare ground spaces are limited, and watering will be done often because the soils in a container dry out easily.
Tomato seeds required for planting can be got from farm nurseries, gardens, markets and any other place, good looking tomato seeds should be got in other to have an effective yield. The soil where the seeds will be planted must contain high nutrient and high level of organic matter and because tomato yield better in mild acidic soil of pH between 6.0-6.8, the soil must be monitored and madesure the pH is in the accurate range. Tomatoes usually like to be grown where they can receive direct sunlight for about 6-8 hours per day, because of this, they should be planted where they can receive sunlight for at least 6 times per day and if the planting is done in a hot environment, planting should be done where there can be shade in the afternoon, however if a shady area cannot be found, tomato can accommodate the hot sun but watering must be done often and then mulching of the soil can be done.
The seeds must be planted 18 to 36 inches apart in order to give space when watering and to avoid the vigorous competition for resources such as nutrients, light and water. Meanwhile, seeds to be planted in area of hot climate should be planted 9 to 18 inches in order for the plants to shade each other’s fruit during maturity and this can protect their fruits from sunlight burn. Tomato germinates quickly from 5-10 days, mulching can be done to control weeds and erosion after two weeks of planting.
Plants grown in bucket, pot or planting bags should be transplanted after 6-8 weeks to an area much more conducive for growth because their soil will no longer have enough nutrients to help the growth of the plants. In transplanting, a larger part of the plant is transplanted and the plants are carefully removed with soils still around the roots, roots are made sure to be completely covered in the soil after transplanting is done. A cage or stake can be used to support the tomato stick in order not to allow it to
lie on the bare ground. Fertilizer which are vegetable supportive can be used if the soil lack much organic content. After 100 days, tomato plants would have matured and be ready for the harvest of the fruit.